Pedological ideas of Stefan Baley and ways of practical implementation of them into the Ukrainian educational process




The article presents the general information about pedology development in the world and in the Eastern Europe as well. In this context, pedological ideas of the famous researcher, pedologist, psychologist Stefan Baley are presented. The article gives brief information about biography of the scientist and his conceptual ideas of pedology and educational psychology. The explanation of the term pedology according to Stefan Baley is given in the article as well as his researches of the physiological and psychological development of a child. The article present the famous table of age child psyche development compiled by the scientist. 

The article presents the research, conducted by S. Baley concerning the educational influence on children by different kinds of surrounding things, such as: book, film, animals, plants, radio etc. The educational role of family is mentioned in the article as well as the influence of a child origin on the psychological development and educational process is presented in the article.

One of the main idea of the article is to propose ways and methods of the usage of Stefan Baleys’ pedological ideas in the modern educational process. His ideas can be used mainly in schools, since he emphasized a lot on the educational processes in this institution. His ideas can solve different modern problems which faces modern society. For example, existence of so called ”death groups” in Ukraine which affected children and teenagers between 12 to 17 y.o. They were spread through social networks, such as Vkontakte and their aim was to bring to suicide children and they should film the process. The article propose to use Stefan Baleys’ ideas in the educational process in school, since he did a lot of researches concerning methodology of syllabus compilation, attention of pupils, tiredness, methods of evaluation, teacher’s behavior, processes of a child socialization.

The article presents his great idea concerning introducing psychologists in schools and increasing their role in child’s education and learning as well as teaching them.

Біографія автора

Mykhailo Podoliak, Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, Lviv


Baley, S. 1948. Charakterologia i typologia dzieci i mlodziezy. Warszawa: Nasza Ksiegarnia.

Baley, S. 1932. Psychologja wieku dojrzewania. Lwow; Warszawa: KsiaZnica-Atlas. 262.

Baley, S. 1938. Psychologia wychowawcza w zarysie. Lwow; Warszawa: KsiaZnica-Atlas. 688.

Baley, S. 1935. Zarys psychologji w zwigzku z rozwojem psychiki dziecka. Lwow; Warszawa: Ksiaznica-Atlas. 424.

Decree of CC of Orgburo as of 04.07.1936 about pedological distortions in the system of People’s Commissars. Postanovlenie_TsK_VKP(b)_ot_4.07.1936_o_pedologicheskih_ izvrascheniyah_v_sisteme_Narkomprosov






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